The actual treaty was between the UK and the US. Automatically, Nigeria was bound by the treaty because it was a colony of the UK as at then. At Nigeria’s independence in 1960, the treaty became a statute of general application as was the case with all laws inherited from the colonial masters. Since then, it has been part of the nation’s legal system. After the military incursion into politics in 1966, there was an Extradition Decree of 1967 which later became Extradition Act, and it validated the existence of the treaty. According to the treaty the “contracting Parties engage to deliver up to each other, under certain circumstances and conditions stated in the present Treaty, those persons who, being accused or convicted of any of the crimes or offences enumerated in Article 3, committed within the jurisdiction of the one Party, shall be found within the territory of the other Party.” Specifically, Article 3 of the Treaty provides offences for which extradition can be granted. The Article states: Manslaughter, administering drugs or using instruments with intent to procure the miscarriage of women. Rape. Unlawful carnal knowledge, or any attempt to have unlawful carnal knowledge, of a girl under 16 year of age. Indecent assault if such crime or offence be indictable in the place where the accused or convicted person is apprehended. Kidnapping or false imprisonment. Child stealing, including abandoning, exposing or unlawfully detaining. Abduction. Procuration: that is to say the procuring or transporting of woman or girl under age, even with her consent, for immoral purposes, or of a woman or girl over age, by fraud, threats, or compulsion, for such purposes with a view in either case to gratifying the passions of another person provided that such crime or offence is punishable by imprisonment for at least one year or by more severe punishment. Bigamy. Maliciously wounding or inflicting grievous bodily harm. Threats, by letter or otherwise, with intent to extort money or other things of value. Perjury, or subornation of perjury. Arson. Burglary or housebreaking, robbery with violence, larceny or embezzlement. Fraud by a bailee, banker, agent, factor, trustee, director, member, or public officer of any company, or fraudulent conversion. Obtaining money, valuable security, or goods, by false pretences; receiving any money, valuable security, or other property, knowing the same to have been stolen or unlawfully obtained. -(a) Counterfeiting or altering money, or bringing into circulation counterfeited or altered money. (b) Knowingly and without lawful authority making or having in possession any instrument, tool, or engine adapted and intended for the counterfeiting of coin. Forgery or uttering what is forged. Crimes or offences against bankruptcy law. Bribery, defined to be the offering, giving or receiving of bribes. Any malicious act done with intent to endanger the safety of any persons travelling or being upon a railway. Crime or offences or attempted crimes or offences in connection with the traffic in dangerous drugs. Malicious injury to property, if such crime or offence be indictable. -(a) Piracy by the law of nations. (b) Revolt, or conspiracy to revolt, by two or more persons on board a ship on the high seas against the authority of the master; wrongfully sinking or destroying a vessel at sea, or attempting to do so; assaults on board a ship on the high sea, with intent to do grievous bodily harm. Dealing in slaves.