The Nigerian foreign ministry is a statutory body created to handle the external push of Nigeria's domestic vision and ideals; it is headed by the Foreign Minister of Nigeria. As of late its mission has geared towards increasing awareness about Nigeria's economic potential. It is part of the government's executive branch.

From 1961 to 1965, Jaja Wachuku was the First substantive Nigerian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Commonwealth Relations, later called External Affairs. Before Wachuku's tenure, Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, the then Prime Minister, doubled as Foreign Affairs advocate of Nigeria from 1960 to 1961 when his government created an official Foreign Affairs and Commonwealth Relations ministerial position in favour of Mr. Wachuku as pioneer Minister.

Jaja Wachuku (1961–1965)
Nuhu Bamalli (1965–1966)
Yakubu Gowon (1966–1967)
Arikpo Okoi (1967–1975)
Joseph Nanven Garba (1975–1978)
Henry Adefope (1978–1979)
Ishaya Audu (1979–1983)
Emeka Anyaoku (1983-1983)
Ibrahim Gambari (1984–1985)
Bolaji Akinyemi (1985–1987)
Ike Nwachukwu (1987–1989)
Rilwan Lukman (1989–1990)
Ike Nwachukwu (1990–1993)
Matthew Mbu (1993-1993)
Babagana Kingibe (1993–1995)
Tom Ikimi (1995–1998)
Ignatius Olisemeka (1998–1999)
Sule Lamido (1999–2003)
Oluyemi Adeniji (2003–2006)
Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala (2006-2006)
Joy Ogwu (2006–2007)
Ojo Maduekwe (2007–2010)
Martin Ihoeghian Uhomoibhi (acting) (2010)
Henry Odein Ajumogobia (2010–2011)
Olugbenga Ashiru (2011–2013)