I was discussing with my friends when suddenly the topic liger came up. So I did a research on it and stormed on amazing findings.

See Them Below:

The liger is a hybrid cross between a male lion (Panthera leo) and a female tiger (Panthera tigris). The liger has parents in the same genus but of different species. The liger is distinct from the similar hybrid tigon, and is the largest of all known extant felines.

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They enjoy swimming, which is a characteristic of tigers, and are very sociable like lions. Notably, ligers typically grow larger and are stronger than either parent species, unlike tigons.

The history of lion-tiger hybrids dates to at least the early 19th century in India. In 1798, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (1772–1844) made a colour plate of the offspring of a lion and a tiger. The portmanteau "liger" was coined by the 1930s.

In 1825, G. B. Whittaker made an engraving of liger cubs born in 1824.

Two liger cubs born in 1837 were exhibited to King William IV and to his successor Queen Victoria. On 14 December 1900 and on 31 May 1901, Carl Hagenbeck wrote to zoologist James Cossar Ewart with details and photographs of ligers born at the Hagenbeck's Tierpark in Hamburg in 1897.

In 1935, four ligers from two litters were reared in the Zoological Gardens of Bloemfontein, South Africa. Three of them, a male and two females, were still living in 1953. The male weighed 340 kg (750 lb) and stood a foot and a half (45 cm) taller than a full grown male lion at the shoulder.


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The liger is often believed to represent the largest known cat in the world. Males reach a total length of 3 to 3.6 m, meaning they are larger than large Siberian tiger males, who are themselves usually larger than the larger lion species. Imprinted genes may be a factor contributing to the large size of ligers.

Hercules the liger

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Hercules With Trainer, Dr. Bhagavan Antle

Hercules, the largest non-obese liger, is recognised by the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest living cat on Earth, weighing 418.2 kg (922 lb).

He was born in 2002.

When he was only three years old, he had already weighed 408.25 kg (900 lb).

He is taken care of by Dr. Bhagavan Antle who has taken care of him all his life.

Hercules is still healthy and is expected to live a long life. The cat's breeding is said to have been a complete accident. Sinbad, another liger, was shown on the National Geographic Channel.

Life Span
Shasta, a ligress (female liger) was born at the Hogle Zoo in Salt Lake City on 14 May 1948 and died in 1972 at age 24.

Another liger (male) named Nook at Valley of the Kings animal sanctuary in Wisconsin had weighed over 550 kg (1,213 lb), and died in 2007, at 21 years old.

Hobbs, a male liger at the Sierra Safari Zoo in Reno, Nevada, lived to almost 15 years of age before succumbing to liver failure and weighed in at 450 kg (992 lb). This liger was born in 1943 and died in 1960.

South Africa still has two ligers at its one zoo at Bloemfontein.


Ligers have a tiger-like striped pattern that is very faint upon a lionesque tawny background. In addition, they may inherit rosettes from the lion parent (lion cubs are rosetted and some adults retain faint markings). These markings may be black, dark brown or sandy.

The background colour may be correspondingly tawny, sandy or golden. In common with tigers, their underparts are pale. The actual pattern and colour depend on which subspecies the parents were and on how the genes interact in the offspring.