The official name of the country is Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, and its leader from 1969 until 2011 was Revolutionary Leader Colonel Muammar Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi (or Qadhafi) who held no official title, but was de facto chief of state.

Colonel Gaddafi liked to drive around in his own small green Volkswagen Beetle, the same colour, incidentally as the Libyan flag.

The Libyan flag that Gaddafi introduced was plain green, the world's only national flag that was a plain colour.

Since his fall in 2011, no national flags have been just one plain colour.

Colonel Gaddafi's last book of short stories was called Escape To Hell.

In 1997, Gaddafi warned his people to fear the West. Among the possible reasons he listed for the West wanting to invade Libya were its camels, sand and watermelons.

The highest temperature ever recorded in the shade anywhere in the world was 57.8C (136F) at Al Aziziyah in Libya on September 13, 1922.

In 1951 Libya was officially the poorest country in the world.